Energy System and Market Design



Lukas Weber

Team Leader Energy System and Market Design


+49 241 80 97892


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According to the three energy policy goals, the design of the energy system must be environmentally friendly, secure and cost-efficient. An environmentally friendly energy system requires the integration of renewable energy sources and alternative green energy carriers such as hydrogen or synthetic fuels. To ensure security of supply at any times and in any places, grid expansion measures and the expansion of secured capacities are necessary. Sector integration of electricity, methane, hydrogen, heat and liquid fuels infrastructures can also provide flexibility to the system. In order to design a cost-efficient energy system, cross-sectoral optimization potentials must be leveraged and market-based coordination mechanisms need to control flexibility dispatch. In this context, this research group develops planning and assessment methods for the macroeconomically optimized expansion of renewable energies, electricity and gas transmission networks and sector integration. In addition, methods for the evaluation of new market designs and resource adequacy are being researched.

Key research topics

  • Development of consistent scenarios for the evaluation of future energy systems
  • Assessment of energy systems in terms of system security and security of supply
  • Coordinated expansion of renewable power generation and transmission system resources
  • Cross-sector optimization of the expansion of energy supply systems
  • Integrated planning and operation of power, natural gas and hydrogen transmission systems
  • Modeling and evaluation of new market designs
  • Evaluation of regulatory and economic incentives for the integration of (decentralized) units and steps towards a single European electricity market

Theses of the team ESM